Imagine a person wearing a Brite and playing a demanding video game. This video game is difficult, and the mental workload is increasing drastically. Changes in blood volume, or hemodynamic changes, which are associated with the increase in workload is registered using the Brite. This blog will expand on how a NIRS-based BCI works and what researchers have made possible using NIRS-based BCI.
The Sophia Bus was an idea pitched by researchers from the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology within Erasmus MC-Sophia Children’s Hospital. As a national expertise center for many rare neurodevelopmental syndromes, children all over the Netherlands need to travel all the way to Rotterdam frequently to participate in research studies. The Sophia bus minimizes the burden for these patients by offering the solution to this problem: a mobile research lab that carries researchers to the patients’ doorstep.
EEG and fNIRS are complementary measuring techniques. EEG measures electrophysiological brain activation, that is the electromagnetic field created when neurons in the brain are firing. fNIRS measures the hemodynamic response, that is the change of oxygen in the blood when a brain region becomes active. By combining EEG and fNIRS, a more complete picture of brain activity is obtained: activation of neurons and energy demand of neurons.